Toxic Pollutants: Materials that cause death, disease, or birth defects in organisms that ingest
or absorb them. The quantities and exposures necessary to cause these effects can vary
CWA: (13) The term ``toxic pollutant'' means those pollutants, or combinations of pollutants, including
disease-causing agents, which after discharge and upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation or assimilation
into any organism, either directly from the environment or indirectly by ingestion through food chains,
will, on the basis of information available to the Administrator, cause death, disease, behavioral
abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutations, physiological malfunctions (including malfunctions in
reproduction) or physical deformations, in such organisms or their offspring
[Humans are one category of Organisms -- see RCRA Hazardous Waste]
Organism: Any form of animal or plant life.
1 : a complex structure of interdependent and subordinate elements whose relations and properties
are largely determined by their function in the whole
2 : an individual constituted to carry on the activities of life by means of organs separate in function but
mutually dependent : a living being
RCRA: (5) The term ``hazardous waste'' means a solid waste, or combination of solid wastes,
which because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious
characteristics may-- (A) cause, or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an
increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible, illness; or
(B) pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when
improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed.
CWA: 3) it is the national policy that the discharge of toxic pollutants in toxic amounts be
prohibited EPA's Section 304(a) criteria for Priority Toxic Pollutants: [1.) Antimony; 2. ) Arsenic;
3.) Beryllium; 4.) Cadmium; 5.) Chromium (III) - Chromium (VI); 6. ) Copper; 7.) Lead; 8.)
Mercury;9.) Nickel; 10.) Selenium; 11.) Silver; 12.) Thallium; 13.) Zinc; 14. )Cyanide; 15. )
Asbestos; 16.) 2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin)] Short list of sludge contamination.
Toxic Chemical: Any chemical listed in EPA rules as "Toxic Chemicals Subject to Section 313 of the
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986."
Toxic Substance: A chemical or mixture that may present an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the
Toxic Waste: A waste that can produce injury if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through the skin.
Toxicant: A harmful substance or agent that may injure an exposed organism.
Toxicity: The degree to which a substance or mixture of substances can harm humans or animals.
Acute toxicity involves harmful effects in an organism through a single or short-term exposure. Chronic
toxicity is the ability of a substance or mixture of substances to cause harmful effects over an extended
period, usually upon repeated or continuous exposure sometimes lasting for the entire life of the
exposed organism. Subchronic toxicity is the ability of the substance to cause effects for more than one
year but less than the lifetime of the exposed organism.
Pollutant: Generally, any substance introduced into the environment that adversely affects the
usefulness of a resource or the health of humans, animals, or ecosystems..
CWA: (6) The term ``pollutant'' means dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage,
sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or
discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharged
503.9(t) Pollutant is an organic substance, an inorganic substance, a combination of organic and
inorganic substances, or a pathogenic organism that, after discharge and upon exposure, ingestion,
inhalation, or assimilation into an organism either directly from the environment or indirectly by ingestion
through the food chain, could, on the basis of information available to the Administrator of EPA, cause
death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutations, physiological malfunctions
(including malfunction in reproduction), or physical deformations in either organisms or offspring of the
[NOTE: This definition specifically relates as well to the nine pollutants listed in 503.13
Coliform testing with list of bacteria