FY2008 Enforcement & Compliance Annual Results
Top Air Enforcement Cases Yield Environmental and Human Health Benefits
EPA’s 10 largest enforcement actions for stationary source Clean Air Act violations obtained commitments by companies
to reduce their emissions of sulfur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM).
When all required pollution controls from the 10 enforcement actions are completed, emissions will be reduced by
approximately 1.7 billion pounds per year.
Compliance and Enforce has disinvested from the sludge/biosolds program while 4-5 million tons of
contaminated sludge is sold or given away exposing millions of people to the following health effects. Perhaps, better
known as Toxic Organic Dust Syndrome.
The annual human health benefits from these reductions in SOx, NOx, and PM are estimated to have a value of $35
billion. These health benefits include:
approximately 4,000 avoided premature deaths in people with heart or lung disease;
over 2,000 fewer emergency room visits for such diseases as asthma and respiratory failure;
about 6,000 fewer cases of chronic bronchitis and acute bronchitis;
about 4,000 fewer nonfatal heart attacks;
over 30,000 fewer cases of upper aggravated asthma;
over 50,000 fewer cases of upper and lower respiratory symptoms; and
over 200,000 fewer days when people would miss work or school.