Cancer
                     # 2. cause of death in 2005

About 1,437,180 new cancer cases are expected to be diagnosed in 2008. This estimate does not include
carcinoma in situ (noninvasive cancer) of any site except urinary bladder, and does not include basal and
squamous cell skin cancers. More than 1 million cases of basal and squamous cell skin cancers are expected to be
diagnosed this year.

Below are a few disease causing microorganisms studies show cause Cancer  as well as Inorganic
Chemical Contaminants, Synthetic Organic Contaminants,  including pesticides & herbicides and Volatile
Organic Contaminants

2 microorganisms are listed by EPA as
primary pathogens in sludge biosolids.
EPA claims
inorganic metals do not cause cancer

Bacteria
Agrobacterium -- human cancer cells along with neuron and kidney cells were transformed
with the Agrobacterium
Helicobacter -- gastric carcinogenesis.

Tsukamurella -- leukemia

Viruses
Adenovirus -- malignancy. -- Obesity in animals, and  association with human Obesity.

Coxsackieviruses -- Hepatocellular carcinoma can result from HCV [Hepatitis C] -induced cirrhosis.
EPA lists as Primary Pathogen in sludge biosolids

herpesviruses -- Carcinoma

Papillomavirus -- head and neck cancers -- cervical neoplasia -- penile and other genital cancers -- 25% of human
cancers are caused by viruses -- 80% of all cervical cancers are linked to papilloma -- survive for hundreds of years

Polyomavirus -- oncogenic (tumor-causing);

Retroviruses -- leukemia virus -- cancer-causing Human T-lymphotropic virus -- dermal sarcoma virus

Torque teno virus (TTV) -- higher viral load in patients with severe idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, cancer
and lupus.

Zygomycetes -- leukemia, lymphoma,

Fungus

Aspergillus
EPA lists as Primary Pathogen in sludge biosolids

Inorganic chemicals

1989 EPA List of known carcinogenic pollutants in sludge which were ignored in the 1993 part 503 sludge rules
because EPA claimed a lack of data   

In 1993 EPA did not acknowledge that all of the regulated hazardous substances (pollutants) listed in part 503 for safe
use on crops are listed by the National Institute for Occupational Health (NIOSH) as a poison by inhalation, ingestion or
other routes. NIOSH also has data which not only shows the regulated hazardous substances in sludge are poisonous,
nine are cancer causing agents, and they will cause mutagenic effects.

Yet, the EPA "scientists" failed to address 116 of the priority toxic pollutants and claim the 10 hazardous substances
(toxic pollutants originally addressed in part 503) and their compounds are safe at the ceiling levels allowed in sludge,
when used as a fertilizer. In any other case, the 10 pollutants are poisons:
    Arsenic (NIOSH CC 4025000) by inhalation or ingestion-carcinogen-mutagenic data.
    Cadmium (NIOSH EU 9800000) by inhalation and other routes-carcinogen-mutagenic data.
    Chromium (NIOSH GB 4200005) by inhalation and other routes-carcinogen-mutagenic data.
    Copper (NIOSH GL 5325000) by ingestion and other routes-carcinogen-mutagenic data.
    Lead (NIOSH OF 7525000) by ingestion and other routes-carcinogen-mutagenic data.
    Mercury (NIOSH OV 4550000) by inhalation and other routes-carcinogen-mutagenic data.
    Molybdenum (NIOSH QA 4680000) by inhalation, ingestion and other routes.
    Nickel (NIOSH QR 5950000) by inhalation, ingestion and other routes-carcinogen-mutagenic data.
    Selenium (NIOSH US 7700000) by inhalation and other unknown routes-carcinogen (causes blind staggers in
    cattle).
    Zinc (NIOSH ZG 8600000) by ingestion and other routes-carcinogen.
http://www.penweb.org/issues/sludge/108.htm


Inorganic Chemical Contaminants

Antimony is a (known/potential drinking water) human carcinogen.
Arsenic has been linked to cancer of the bladder, lungs, skin, kidney, nasal passages, liver, and prostate.
Asbestos has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the  MCL: lung
disease; cancer.
Beryllium has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: damage to bones and lungs; cancer.

Lead
Long-term effects: Lead has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above
the MCL: stroke and kidney disease; cancer.


Synthetic Organic Contaminants,  including pesticides & herbicides


Acrylamide
Long-term:
Acrylamide has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: damage to the nervous system, paralysis;
cancer

Alachlor
Long-term:
Alachlor has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: damage to liver, kidney, spleen; lining of nose and eyelids;
cancer.

Atrazine  
Long-term:
Atrazine has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: weight loss, cardiovascular damage, retinal and some muscle degeneration;
cancer.

Benzoapyrene
Long-term:
Benzo(a)pyrene has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above
the MCL: developmental and reproductive effects;
cancer.

Chlordane
Short-term:
EPA has found chlordane to potentially cause the following health effects when people are exposed to
it at levels above the MCL for relatively short periods of time: central nervous system effects - including irritability,
excess salivation, labored breathing, tremors, convulsions, deep depression - and blood system effects such as
anemia and
certain types of leukemia.
Long-term:
Chlordane has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: damage to liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, spleen and adrenal glands;
cancer.

Di 2-ethylhexyl adipate
Long-term:
Adipate has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: reduced body weight and bone mass; damage to liver and testes;
cancer.

Di 2-ethylhexyl phthalate
Long-term:
Phthalate has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: damage to liver and testes; reproductive effects;
cancer.

Dibromochloropropane
Long-term:
DBCP has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL:
kidney damage and antifertility;
cancer.

Dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD)
Long-term:
Dioxin has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL:
a variety of reproductive effects, from reduced fertility to birth defects;
cancer.

Epichlorohydrin
Long-term:
Epichlorohydrin has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above
the MCL: stomach, eye and skin irritation; chromosome aberrations; adverse changes in blood;
cancer.

Ethylene dibromide
Long-term:
EDB has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL:
damage to the respiratory system, nervous system, liver, heart, and kidneys;
cancer.

Heptachlor
Long-term:
Heptachlor and its epoxide have the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at
levels above the MCL: extensive liver damage;
cancer.

Heptachlor epoxide
Long-term:
Heptachlor and its epoxide have the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at
levels above the MCL: extensive liver damage;
cancer.

Hexachlorobenzene  
Long-term:
HCB has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL:
damage to liver and kidneys; reproductive effects; benign tumors of endocrine glands;
cancer.

PCBs [Polychlorinated biphenyls]  
Long-term:
PCBs has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL:
effects similar to acute poisonings; irritation of nose, throat and gastrointestinal tracts; changes in liver function;
cancer.

Pentachlorophenol  
Long-term
: Pentachlorophenol has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels
above the MCL: reproductive effects and damage to liver and kidneys;
cancer.

Simazine
Long-term:
Simazine has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: tremors; damage to testes, kidneys, liver and thyroid; gene mutations;
cancer.

Toxaphene  
Long-term:
Toxaphene has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: liver and kidney degeneration; central nervous system effects; possible immune system suppression;
cancer.

Volatile Organic Contaminants

Benzene
Long-term:
Benzene has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL:
chromosome aberrations, cancer.

Carbon Tetrachloride
Long-term:
Carbon tetrachloride has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels
above the MCL: liver damage;
cancer.

1,1-Dichloroethylene
Long-term:
1,1-DCE has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: liver and kidney damage, as well as toxicity to the developing fetus;
cancer.

Dichloromethane
Long-term:
Dichloromethane has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above
the MCL: liver damage;
cancer.

1,2-Dichloroethane
Long-term:
1,2-Dichloroethane has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels
above the MCL:
cancer.

Styrene
Long-term:
Styrene has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL:
liver and nerve tissue damage;
cancer

Tetrachloroethylene
Some people who drink water containing tetrachloroethylene in excess of the MCL over many years could have
problems with their liver and may have an increased risk of getting
cancer.

1,1,2-Trichloroethane
Long-term:
1,1,2-TCE has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the
MCL: damage to liver and kidneys;
cancer.

TRICHLOROETHYLENE
Some people who drink water containing trichloroethylene in excess of the MCL over many years could experience
problems with their liver and may have an
increased risk of getting cancer.

Vinyl Chloride
Long-term:
Vinyl chloride has the potential to cause cancer and may damage the liver following a lifetime exposure at
levels above 0.1 mg/L.

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