Flavobacterium /Fla·vo·bac·te·ri·um/ (fla?vo-bak-ter´e-um) a genus of schizomycetes (family Achromobacteriaceae),
characteristically producing yellow, orange, red, or yellow-brown pigmentation, found in soil and water; some species are
said to be pathogenic.
Flavobacterium: cause infection in premature infants and immunocompromised individuals. The species most often
recovered from humans is F. meningosepticum, a penicillin resistant bacterium that can cause neonatal meningitis
Bacteremic necrotizing fasciitis due to Flavobacterium odoratum.Bacteremic necrotizing fasciitis due to Flavobacterium
odoratum. Hsueh PR, Wu JJ, Hsiue TR, Hsieh WC. Department of Internal Medicine, Taiwan Provincial ...
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Fatal Case of Community-Acquired Bacteremia and Necrotizing ...A diabetic patient with chronic heart failure developed
necrotizing fasciitis and ... and “Flavobacterium meningosepticum” in combination with “necrotizing ...
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Reappraisal of the antimicrobial susceptibilities of ...Bacteremic necrotizing fasciitis due to Flavobacterium odoratum.
Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Nov;21(5):1337–1338. [PubMed]; Igari J, Oguri T, ...
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Fatal Case of Community-Acquired Bacteremia and Necrotizing Fasciitis Caused by Chryseobacterium
meningosepticum: Case Report and Review of the Literature
A diabetic patient with chronic heart failure developed necrotizing fasciitis and bacteremia caused by Chryseobacterium
meningosepticum, which rapidly evolved into death, even with fasciotomy and intensive care. A review of the English
literature found 10 cases of soft tissue infection caused by C. meningosepticum, which is rarely acquired in the
Discussion. The genus Chryseobacterium (formerly known as Flavobacterium) is a group of non-glucose-fermenting
gram-negative rods (15). These bacteria are typically found in freshwater, saltwater, or soil and are not normally present
in the human microflora (2, 15). C. meningosepticum is the species most commonly reported as a human pathogen
within the genus Chryseobacterium and was initially described for a case of neonatal meningitis in 1959 (9). This
bacterium has rarely been reported to cause infections among adults, with most cases involving nosocomial pneumonia
among intubated patients in intensive care units (11). Other reported infections in adults include bacteremia, subacute
bacterial endocarditis, endophthalmitis, and abdominal infections (2).
A MEDLINE search was conducted by using the keywords “Chryseobacterium meningosepticum” and “Flavobacterium
meningosepticum” in combination with “necrotizing fasciitis” or “soft tissue infection” for the time between January 1966
and May 2005. Cases of community-acquired necrotizing fasciitis and bacteremia caused by C. meningosepticum have
not been described before.
J Clin Microbiol. 2006 March; 44(3): 1181–1183.