INDEX TO SOME VIRUSES IN SLUDGE BIOSOLIDS AND RECLAIMED WATER
Viruses replicate in heterothropic parts of cells-- also see Bacteria
EPA, WEF and state regulators say these viruses obey the laws and will not hurt you.
Biohazard Level 2 Laboratory Safety Handling Procedures are Required, except on your food & lawn
By Jim Bynum 7/31/2007
In the last twenty-five years,acute Illnesses, chronic sickness and deaths have been caused by
viruses once thought to be beneficial. New veruses have emerged and old ones have become
In 1989 EPA only acknowledged nine viruses in sludge biosolids: 1) Entroviruses -no disease; 2)
Poliovirus --Gastroenteritis, meningitis, carditis, nervous system involvement, pneumonia,
infectious hepatitis; 3) Coxsackieviruses -- Infectious Hepatitis; 4) Echovirus --no disease; 5)
Hepatitis A (HAV)--no disease ; 6) Norwalk = Gastroenteritis; 7) Norwalk like viruses--
Gastroenteritis; 8) Reovirus --- Respiratory infections, gastroenteritis; and, 9) Rotavirus --
Gastroenteritis, infant diarrhea
In 1992, published information was limited to, "Most of these pathogens are very deadly to
humans and animals. Of the nine viruses, Entroviruses or Picornaviruses (152 species)
pathogens can cause gastrointestinal problems, respiratory problems and can also be fatal.
Poliovirus (3 species) pathogens cause inflammation of the grey matter of the spinal cord.
Coxsackievirus A (23 species), B (6 species) pathogens are mostly mild, but they can cause
inflammation of the heart in newborns. While Echovirus (31 species) pathogens primarily cause
inflammation of the heart, spinal cord and brain, Hepatitis A virus pathogens cause liver
problems and can lead to death. Norwalk viruses and Norwalk like virus pathogens cause mostly
diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and Rotavirus causes acute gastroenteritis.
Since 1992, all of these viruses in sludge biosolids have become even more deadly. They
require biohazard level 2 safety procedures for handling in a laboratory.
Why would EPA and WEF claim it is safe for our children to play on these viral contaminated
sludge biosolids and reclaimed water disposal sites -- farms, play grounds, school grounds, state
and city parks as well as home lawns?
VIRUS FAMILIES: See Glossary of infections
non-enveloped virus -- require intermediate to high level liquid chemical
germicide to inactivate in laboratory
Adenoviruses, --gastrointestinal tract, conjunctiva, central nervous system, and urinary tract;
many species induce malignancy, human Obesity
Astroviruses, ---gastroenteritis in humans and other animals
caliciviruses, ---(Noroviruses - Norwalk - Norwalk like viruses) acute gastroenteritis and
inflammation of the stomach and intestines
Human noroviruses are the predominant cause of foodborne gastroenteritis
worldwide. (August 2007) Human type norovirus found in cattle.
papovaviruses ---[Polyomavirus and Papillomasvirus], 25 million U.S. children and women
parvoviruses, ---Fifth disease, slapped cheek disease, spontaneous abortion, transient aplastic,
hydrops fetalis, seronegative arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis,
picornaviruses ---(enteroviruses, Poliovirus, Coxsackievirus, Echovirus, and hepatitis A virus),
memory loss and other neurological symptoms.
Reoviruses Respiratory infections, gastroenteritis
Rotavirus -- Gastroenteritis, infant diarrhea, -- 592,000 infants and young children <5 years old
die each year from rotavirus diarrhea,
Enveloped viruses, -- low levels of disinfection with liquid chemical germicides
to inactivate in laboratory
arenaviruses,---Hemorrhagic fever in the Southwest
bunyaviruses,-----Hantavirus Hemorrhagic fever in Southwest, lung edema and pulmonary
failure. Mortality is around 55%
coronaviruses, ----SARS, upper respiratory, gastrointestinal tract, pneumonia, new viruses
filoviruses,------viral hemorrhagic fevers
flaviviruses, ----encephalitis, --West Nile virus, dengue virus, Tick-borne Encephalitis
Virus, Yellow Fever Virus
Herpesviruses, ----severe pathogenesis and often death in untreated individuals, infectious
mononucleosis, Burkitt's lymphoma, CNS (Central Nervous System) lymphoma,
nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, chickenpox and shingles, genital
herpes, mononucleosis, retinitis, roseola infantum
orthomyxoviruses, -----Influenzavirus A, human pandemic deaths,
paramyxoviruses, --- mumps, measles, which caused 745,000 deaths in 2001 and respiratory
syncytial virus (RSV) which is the major cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in
infants and children.
pestiviruses,---- infect mammals, member of the Flavivivirus family
poxviruses, -----Small pox, infection of the skin or occasionally of the mucous membranes
retroviruses,----- attack Helper T cells.
rhabdoviruses, ----vesicular stomatitis virus, Rabies