by Jim Bynum

"It's time we looked at direct exposure," Ruben said. "We have in the past concentrated on contaminates
in the food chain."

1986 there were one to two million cases of food poisoning  (Gerba) (EPA Risk Assessment for landfilling sludge)
1990 there were about 6 million case of food poisoning
1994 there were about 33 million cases of food poisoning 9,000 deaths EPA-USDA-
CDC-Report to President -From Farm to Table
1996 there were about 80 million case of food poisoning  (Ralph J. Touche-Chief Sanitarian -Public Health Service
1997 there we about 81 million case of food poisoning    
1998 CDC estimates 360 million cases of acute diarrhea, Most from unknown source of exposure.(1987 estimate) 9,100 deaths
1999 (Mead, (CDC) estimates there are only about 76 million foodborne cases annually, 325,000 Hospitalized and 5,000 deaths.
CDC still uses these figures = 6.3 million illnesses per month,  27,000 people hospitalized each month, 416 dead each month.

 CDC: "In most of these cases, the cause (food, water, other) is unknown."
            [other -- reclaimed water and biological solids in sludge (biosolids)

CDC has not revised the estimates since 1999.  CDC now claims  "Some outbreaks aren't detected,
investigated, or reported because many states lack the resources." However, those same states are
issuing permits to spread foodborne pathogens on food crops, parks, school grounds and home lawns.

The burden of selected digestive diseases in the United States (2002)
The most prevalent diseases were non-food-borne gastroenteritis (135 million cases/year), food-borne illness (76
million), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; 19 million), and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS; 15 million). The
disease with the highest annual direct costs in the United States was GERD ($9.3 billion), followed by gallbladder
disease ($5.8 billion), colorectal cancer ($4.8 billion), and peptic ulcer disease ($3.1 billion). The estimated direct
costs for these 17 diseases in 1998 dollars were $36.0 billion, with estimated indirect costs of $22.8 billion. The
estimated direct costs for ail digestive diseases were $85.5 billion. Total NIH research expenditures were $676 million
in 2000.

2009 CDC: Food-borne Illnesses Underreported
"The agency reports in its June 12 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report that norovirus and salmonella
were the leading causes of food-borne disease outbreaks in 2006, the latest year for which statistics are

"Many food-borne illness cases are neither recognized nor reported, the CDC says, and thus are not
recognized by health officials."
"Now E.coli, the most common germ known to cause infection in humans, also has become drug resistant outside
hospitals." "The bug produces enzymes called beta lactamase and they physically destroy antibiotics."  "The antibiotics
aren't in the food, the resistant bugs are. So food, if not washed or cooked properly, can become a source of
contamination." Collignon proved his point by culturing his own faeces before and after a recent trip to China. Despite
being fastidiously clean, what he ate produced a drug-resistant strain of E.coli on his return."

EPA and its partners (USDA, FDA and CDC) have been in the habit of overestimating the ability of the sewage treatment
processes to protect you from all of the bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungus in reclaimed sewage effluent water and
the reclaimed sewage sludge biosolids. The sewage treatment process actually promotes the transfer of DNA and drug
resistant gene between organisms which are released in the effluent water.  The sewage treatment process concentrates
the drug resistant organism in bioslids sludge. Both are disposed of as reclaimed irrigation water and bioslids sludge
fertilizer for food crops. The agencies say it is safe.

However, that is not the case when spokespersons address government agencies. As an  example, in the 1986, EPA Risk
assessment for landfills, it was estimated that there were about two (2) million cases of foodborne illnesses. In 1998, Dr.
Patricia Griffin, Chief of the Foodbourne Diseases Epidemiology Section of CDC’s Foodborne and Diarrheal Branch
reported, “A 1987 estimate of foodborne related deaths, based on educated estimates but not hard data, totaled 9,100.”
However, “A recent annual estimate of acute diarrhea from FoodNet data, she noted, indicates a reported 360 million
cases. In most of these cases, the cause (food, water, other) is unknown. Old estimates of foodborne-related cases range
from 6½ to 81 million per year. She noted that people who become sick may or may not see a physician. The physician
may or may not obtain a stool culture; and if the physician does obtain a culture and confirm the cause of disease, that
result may or may not be reported to health departments. As a result, Dr. Griffin characterized the number of reported
cases as "the tip of the iceberg."

Public attention was divert from the 350 million cases of gastroenteritis - diarrhea in 1999 when  Paul Mead,  former
Chief of the Foodbourne Diseases Epidemiology Section of CDC’s Foodborne and Diarrheal Branch wrote, “We estimate
that foodborne diseases cause approximately 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,000 deaths in the United  
States each year.”  When Mead wrote the paper he was chief of epidemiology, microbiology, and diagnostic activity in the
bacterial zoonosis (a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans or from humans to animals) branch in the
division of vector-borne infectious diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for
Infectious Diseases in Fort Collins, CO., focusing on Lyme disease, plague, tularemia, bartonellosis, and tick-borne
relapsing fever.

MAY 1997 --   9,000 deaths and 6.5 to 33 million illnesses in the United States each year are food-related.

Potential for Infiltration, Survival and Growth Of Human Pathogens within Fruits and Vegetables
November 1999 -- There have only been 9 studies of human pathogens in produce and juice that FDA could find?