There is no Single Federal Enforceable Standard for pollutants!
EPA defines Toxic Pollutants: Materials that cause death, disease, or birth defects in organisms that ingest
or absorb them. The quantities and exposures necessary to cause these effects can vary widely.
However, Each Agency creates its own TERMS OF ART for identical chemical pollutants.
Pollutant is a Clean Water Act term for harmful chemicals, sewage, sewage sludge that would prevent
water from being used by the public. It is EPA's position in the sludge guidelines that chemical pollutants
on land do not harm the environment or effect human health, therefore. It is EPA Office of Water's position
that other federal laws for controlling the same chemicals on land to protect the environment and human
health have no force of law under its national sludge policy.
Minnesota list of volatile organic chemicals that damage the human body at parts per billion or less.
SLUDGE/BIOSOLIDS AS A HAZARDOUS WASTE
The EPA Office of Water boils down a few metals, as well as all chemicals, in HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES,
chemical Constituents , Hazardous Inorganic and Organic Constituents , toxic pollutants, and Priority Toxic
Pollutants to 9 simply metal Pollutants in the Part 503 sludge guideline for use and disposal - and -
EPA/WEF swear that none of the 9 are harmful or hazardous on crops, lawns, parks and school yards -- as
long as the laws and regulations are followed. They are so safe, EPA did not include the nine or any
chemical in the risk assessment proving sludge -- biosolids is safe. However, EPA did create a PR program
to change peoples mind about it being not safe
1988 EPA Study -- Trace Organics and lnorganics in Distribution and Marketing Municipal Sludges
In 1989 EPA listed 21 chemicals in the Part 503 sludge guideline that were known cancer causing agents.
EPA removed this list of cancer causing chemicals from the final part 503. EPA acknowledged in 1995 that
this list of chemicals was not included in the final sludge risk assessment.
In 1989 EPA listed TWENTY-FIVE PRIMARY PATHOGENS ASSOCIATED WITH A HIGH INCIDENCE OF DISEASE
IN sludge biosolids. However, that list was obsolete before it was published. Even the list of diseases
503.9(t) Pollutant is an organic substance, an inorganic substance, a combination of organic and inorganic
substances, or a pathogenic organism that, after discharge and upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation, or
assimilation into an organism either directly from the environment or indirectly by ingestion through the
food chain, could, on the basis of information available to the Administrator of EPA, cause death, disease,
behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutations, physiological malfunctions (including malfunction in
reproduction), or physical deformations in either organisms or offspring of the organisms
pollutant Table 3 of §503.13
503.13 & 23_arsenic.html Arsenic-- Evidence for Human Carcinogenicity
503.13_cadmium.html high levels of cadmium can severely damage the lungs and may cause death
503.23_Chromium.html Hexavalent Chromium is created by raising pH of sludge - biosolids.
503.13_copper.html high intakes of copper can cause liver and kidney damage and even death.
503.13_lead.html Did you know the following facts about lead? EPA DOES!
503.13_manganese.html How can manganese affect children -- and you?
503_mercury.html Bacteria in soils and sediments convert mercury to methylmercury.
503.13 & 23_nickel.html chronic bronchitis, reduced lung function, and cancer of the lung and nasal sinus,
503.13_selenium.html Dizziness, fatigue, and irritation of mucous membranes have been reported
503.13_zinc.html Inhaling large amounts of zinc (as zinc dust) can cause a specific short-term disease